On This Day: January 30 – NYTimes.com

1077 Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV
1349 Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king
1349 – Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
1467 Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
1487 Bell chimes invented
1522 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
1544 Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
1592 Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
1647 Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400
1648 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending Tachtigjarige War
1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.
1667 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
1713 England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty
1774 Capt Cook reaches 71°10′ south, 1820km from south pole (record)
1781 Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
1790 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
1797 Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks
1798 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
1800 US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1804 Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
1806 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.
1815 Burned Library of Congress reestablished with Jefferson’s 6500 vols
1818 Keats composes his sonnet, “When I Have Fears”
1820 Edward Bransfield aboard Williams discovers Antarctica (UK claim)
1826 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world’s first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.
1835 Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington DC in 1st attempted assassination of a US President
1841 A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1847 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
1854 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
1858 Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester
1858 – William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, “Leap to Freedom”
1862 US Navy’s 1st ironclad warship (Monitor) launched
1877 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1879 French President MacMahon resigns
1883 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
1888 Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
1889 John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48″ (120cm) telescope
1889 – Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
1889 – Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
1892 Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
1892 – Capt Lugard occupies Uganda’s King Mwanga’s hide out
1894 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
1894 – US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
1895 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
1895 – SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
1895 – Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
1911 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
1913 House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
1915 German submarine attack on Le Havre
1915 – No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
1917 1st jazz record recorded (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
1919 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
1921 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
1922 Ted McDonald takes 8-58 in big Victorian win over NSW
1922 – World Law Day, 1st celebrated
1924 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
1925 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
1927 Left wins national election in Thuringen
1928 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US
1928 – Bradman scores 134 not out (225 mins, 13 fours) NSW v Vic
1928 – Eugene O’Neill’s “Strange Interlude,” premieres in NYC
1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky’s “Banya,” premieres in Leningrad
1930 – The world’s first radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie ChaplinComedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin 1931 Charlie Chaplin’s “City Lights” premieres at Los Angeles Theater
1932 Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval
1933 “Lone Ranger” begins a 21-year run on ABC radio
1933 – Adolf Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen
1933 – Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match
1934 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
1934 – Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 yrs 298 days
1934 – Hitler proclamation on German unified states
1935 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of “Cantos”
1936 New owners of Boston Braves ask newspapermen to pick a new nickname
1936 – Victoria need 442 to win against NSW, but lose, all out for 415 They pick “The Bees” it doesn’t catch on & is scrapped by 1940 season
1937 2nd of Stalin’s purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
1939 Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile
1939 – Hitler calls for extermination of European Jews
1940 Benjamin Britten’s “Lesson Illuminations” premieres in London
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1940 – Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race
1940 – Hassett’s second 122 of the game for Vic can’t stop a NSW win
1941 Australian troops conquer Derna Libya
1942 Japanese troops land on Ambon
1943 6 British Mosquito’s daylight bomb Berlin
1943 – German assault on French in Tunisia
1943 – German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
1943 – Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to general-fieldmarshal
1943 – Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
1943 – USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
1944 US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
1944 – World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
1945 “Wilhelm Gustloff” torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
1946 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
1948 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1948 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
1950 “Robert Montgomery Presents” dramatic anthology premieres on NBC TV
1951 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
1952 Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
1952 – Paul Creston’s 4th Symphony, premieres
1954 Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR
1954 – Italy’s Fanfani government resigns
1956 Elvis Presley records his version of “Blue Suede Shoes”
1956 – KRMA TV channel 6 in Denver, CO (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 – KTXS TV channel 12 in Sweetwater-Abilene, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 – Martin Luther King Jr’s home bombed
1957 US Congress accepts “Eisenhower-doctrine”
1958 1st 2-way moving sidewalk in service, Dallas Tx
1958 – Baseball announces players & coaches rather than fans pick all stars
1958 – Dore Schary’s “Sunrise at Campobello,” premieres in NYC
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr. 1958 – House of Lords passes bill allowing women in
1959 Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test v England, Adelaide Oval
1959 – Paul Hindemith’s symphony “Pittsburgh,” premieres
1960 CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)
1960 – Dutch communist trade union EVC’58 disbands
1960 – Riot curtails third days play at Port-Of-Spain WI v England
1960 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
1960 – US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins
1961 Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC
1961 – JFK asks for an Alliance for Progress & Peace Corp
1961 – KAET TV channel 8 in Phoenix, AZ (PBS) begins broadcasting
1961 – Lance Gibbs takes hat-trick (Mackay, Grout, Misson) at Adelaide
1962 UN General Assembly censures Portugal (because of Angola)
1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 – 2 members of Flying Wallendas’ high-wire act killed when their 7-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit
US President John F. KennedyUS President John F. Kennedy 1964 Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam
1964 – Ranger 6 launched; makes perfect flight to Moon, but cameras fail
1965 “The Name Game” by Shirley Ellis hits #3
1965 – State funeral of Winston Churchill
1966 -19°F (-28°C), Corinth, Mississippi (state record)
1966 – -27°F (-33°C), New Market, Alabama (state record)
1966 – Ard Schenk skates world record 1500m (2:05.2)
1966 – Dmitri Sjostakovitsj completes his 11th string quartet
1968 Bobby Goldsboro records his biggest hit, “Honey”
1968 – Vietcong launch Tet-offensive on US embassy in Saigon
1969 Beatles perform their last gig together, a free concert
1969 – US/Canada ISIS 1 launched to study ionosphere
1971 “Ari” closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 19 performances
1971 – Dennis Lillee takes 5-84 in his 1st Test bowl, v England
1971 – UCLA starts 88 basketball game win streak
Soldier, author, journalist, politician Winston ChurchillSoldier, author, journalist, politician Winston Churchill 1972 Bloody Sunday: Brit soldiers shoot on catholics in Londonderry, 13 die
1972 – Pakistan withdraws from Commonwealth
1973 26th NHL All-Star Game: East beat West 5-4 at NY Rangers
1973 – Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all counts
1973 – KISS plays their 1st show (Coventry Club in Queens NY)
1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1976 1st-class debut of Dav Whatmore, in Johannesburg
1976 – George H W Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)
1976 – William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA
1977 8th (final) part of “Roots” is most-watched entertainment show ever
1977 – Allan Border scores 36 in his 1st-class innings (NSW v Qld)
1977 – Edward W Stack replaces Paul Kerr president of Hall of Fame
1978 Addie Joss & Larry MacPhail elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1978 – Mutual Broadcasting Network begins airing Larry King Show on radio
1979 Rhodesia agrees to new constitution
1979 – Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.
1980 Edward Albee’s “Lady from Dubuque,” premieres in NYC
Country Singer Kenny RogersCountry Singer Kenny Rogers 1981 8th American Music Award: Barbra Streisand & Kenny Rogers win
1982 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
1982 – Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called “Elk Cloner”.
1983 Hilbert van Thumb becomes European skating champ
1983 – Pat Bradley wins LPGA Mazda of Deer Creek Golf Classic
1983 – Superbowl XVII: Wash Red Skins beat Miami Dolphins, 27-17 in Pasadena Superbowl MVP: John Riggins, Washington, RB
1988 Hansie Cronje gets a pair in 2nd 1st-class game (OFS v N Tvl)
1989 16th American Music Award: Randy Travis & George Michael wins
1989 – 5 Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor
1989 – Joel Steinberg found guilty of 1st degree manslaughter of daughter
1989 – Last day of 1st class cricket for Dav Whatmore
1989 – Olympian, Bruce Kimball, is sentenced to 17 years in prison for killing 2 teenagers in a drunk driving accident
1989 – The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
1992 Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) lands
1993 100,000n Europeans demonstrate against fascism & racism
Rock Vocalist George MichaelRock Vocalist George Michael 1993 – 67th Australian Women’s Tennis Open: Monica Seles beat Graf (4-6 6-3 6-2)
1994 68th Australian Women’s Tennis Open: S Graf beats A S Vicario (6-0 6-2)
1994 – 82nd Australian Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Todd Martin (76 64 64)
1994 – Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.76)
1994 – Kapil Dev equals Richard Hadlee’s world record of 431 Test wkts
1994 – Superbowl XXVIII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 30-13 in Atlanta Superbowl MVP: Emmitt Smith, Dallas, RB
1994 – Péter Lékó becomes the youngest chess grand master.
1995 22nd American Music Award: Boyz II Men & Ace of Base win
1995 – Belgium’s TV channel 2 in Flanders goes on the air
1995 – Car bomb explodes in Algiers, 42 killed/296 injured
1995 – Kevin Eubanks officially becomes band leader of “Tonight Show”
1995 – Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
1996 Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.
1997 Minuteman III launches
1998 All-Star Fla Marlin catcher Darren Daulton, retires
American Football Player Emmitt SmithAmerican Football Player Emmitt Smith 1998 – Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Indianapolis IN on WNAP 93.1 FM
1998 – Paul Simon’s “The Capeman,” premieres
2000 Super Bowl XXXIV: St. Louis Rams beat Tennessee Titans, 23-16 at the Georgia Dome Atlanta MVP: Kurt Warner, St. Louis, QB
2000 – Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
2003 Belgium legally recognizes same-sex marriage.
2013 South Korea successfully launches its rocket Naro-1 which was carrying a scientific satellite

On This Day: January 30 – NYTimes.com.